The Amazon Pink Dolphin’s Voice: Oil and road development threaten Peruvian & Ecuadorian Amazon.

Massive plans for oil and road development may threaten Peruvian Amazon

Crude oil from one of the hundreds of abandoned oil pits in the Ecuadorean Amazon rainforest. Will Peru be next? Caroline Bennett / Rainforest Action Network

BONITO, Brazil (13 August 2012)_ Oil exploration and the planned construction of hydroelectric dams in the Peruvian Amazon may pose serious threats to biodiversity and indigenous tribes, some of whom have been living for centuries in voluntary isolation, a conservation specialist said.

Clinton Jenkins, speaking at the Association of Tropical Conservation and Biology meeting in Bonito last month, focused much of his attention on Loreto, located in the Western Amazon basin.

Boasting some of the greatest mammalian, avian, floral and fish diversity on the planet, the region is facing tremendous challenges amid record oil prices and rising global energy needs, he said.

The national government has agreed to delimit specific geographic areas or “blocks” for hydrocarbon activities areas that may be leased to state or international companies for exploration and production.

Unless decisive steps are taken, these activities could put pressure on national parks and indigenous groups, who have chosen to cut themselves off from civilization, said Jenkins, Principal Research Scholar at the Department of Biology, North Carolina State University.

Extensive CIFOR research has highlighted the deleterious global impact of unsustainableloggingminingcocoa and oil palm production, all of which require roads and other infrastructure projects in order to expand.

“Unfortunately the history of development initiatives throughout the Amazon basin shows that governments have generally prioritised external actors at the expense of forests and forest dependent people,” said Peter Cronkleton, leader of CIFOR’s research on improving livelihoods through smallholder and community forestry and co-author ofTenure Rights and Beyond Community Access to Forest Resources in Latin America.

These projects could significantly disrupt the ecological connectivity of the Amazon River to the Andes.

“While progress has been made recognising property rights of indigenous people in the region, they continue to struggle to maintain and strengthen their rights to and control over resources vital to their livelihoods,” he said.

Also raising alarms are plans for new hydroelectric dams, identified as a priority by Peruvian regional governments.

Jenkins and his colleague, Matt Finer, documented 150 dams planned across the Andean Amazon, five within Loreto.

These projects could significantly disrupt the ecological connectivity of the Amazon River to the Andes with substantial impacts for fish populations, nutrient cycling, and the health of Earth’s largest rainforest, they said in a study published in the journal PLoS ONE.

In collaboration with the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL) and the Peruvian organization Derecho, Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (DAR), Jenkins has been an active participant of a project aiming to secure a sustainable future for the biodiversity and people of Loreto.

Some of the most immediate challenges Loreto faces, he says, is the lack of high quality data (illegal logging is widespread but unmapped), the confusing political and legal situation, poor coordination among regional authorities, lack of basic capacity for monitoring and enforcement, and political will.

Source: Forests News

Ecuador to use Peruvian pipeline to transport Amazon crude

Ecuador will use a Peruvian pipeline to transport crude extracted from the southern part of its Amazon region, the Non-Renewable Natural Resources Ministry said.

Ecuador secured the right to use the North Peruvian Pipeline via an agreement signed Wednesday by the country’s hydrocarbon secretary, Andres Donoso, and the head of state-owned Peruvian oil firm Petroperu, Pedro Mendez Milla.

Non-Renewable Natural Resources Minister Wilson Pastor, who attended the signing ceremony, hailed the bi-national accord as “true energy integration, in which two countries, Ecuador and Peru, are joining forces and needs.”

He said Ecuador will pay an initial transportation fee of $10 per barrel of crude extracted from the southern zone of the Ecuadorian Amazon.

Mendez said for his part that the agreement marks an “important milestone” because of the complementary effort it entails in the probable extraction and transport of Ecuadorian crude.

He added that the agreement will allow Peru to make greater use of its infrastructure while boosting business levels.

Ecuadorian and Petroperu representatives also signed a confidentiality agreement that will allow the Peruvian firm to participate in bidding for drilling concessions.

Pastor said the Ecuadorian oil to be pumped via the North Peruvian Pipeline is to be extracted following the so-called 11th Bidding Round, which is scheduled to take place on Oct. 24.

The Ecuadorian minister estimated the production potential of the oil fields to be auctioned off in that round at 35,000 barrels per day.

He said exploration studies to be carried out after the auction would likely cause reserves in that region – currently estimated at 100 million barrels – to rise to between 800 million and 1.5 billion barrels.

Under that scenario, production in that zone could amount to between 400,000 bpd and 500,000 bpd, Pastor said.

A conduit extending approximately 100 kilometers (62 miles) will be built to link the fields in Ecuador’s southern Amazon region to the North Peruvian Pipeline, which runs to the Bayovar port in northern Peru.

Pastor estimated the cost of the conduit at $300 million.

The North Peruvian Pipeline currently transports between 200,000-250,000 barrels of crude per day, roughly half its maximum capacity.

Most of Ecuador’s oil comes from the northern part of its Amazon region, where 500,000 bpd are extracted and transported via the SOTE and OCP pipelines.

Oil is Ecuador’s main export product and also a key source of government revenue. EFE

Source: Fox News Latino

Peru, Ecuador Plan Oil Venture After Peace Accord

Peru and Ecuador are planning a joint venture to explore for oil on the Ecuadorean side of their shared border 13 years after signing a peace accord that ended more than a century of conflict.

Petroleos del Peru SA and PetroEcuador, the nations’ state- owned oil companies, are seeking a partnership to participate in bidding for new oil concessions in southeastern Ecuador scheduled for October, Ecuador’s Non-Renewable Natural Resources Minister Wilson Pastor said today to reporters in Quito. The two countries also signed a $300 million agreement to connect their oil pipelines to carry Ecuadorean crude to Peru’s northern port of Bayovar, he said.

The pipeline deal and planned joint venture are fruits of the 1998 peace accord which ended border wars dating from the 19th century, Pastor said. The pipeline will take three years to build and will attract investors into bidding for the exploration blocks in Ecuador’s Amazon rainforest, he said.

“Today things have changed because there is a very different attitude between our governments after the peace on the border,” Pastor said at a signing ceremony for the pipeline deal. “Now we intend to make the Amazon basin’s oil infrastructure an example of energy integration.”

Source: Bloomberg

SELVA Vida Sin Fronteras acknowledges Kevin Schafer’s important contribution towards protecting the highly endangered Amazon pink fresh water dolphin. Title photographs of our “The Amazon Pink Dolphin’s Voice” were taken by Mr. Schafer. 

Editorial: SELVA-Vida Sin Fronteras

Selvavidasinfronteras.wordpress.com

Editorial Committee

David Dunham

Arno Ambrosius

Gustavo López Ospina

Mariana Almeida

Pieter Jan Brouwer

Assistant: Emilia Romero

The Amazon Pink Dolphin’s Voice is associated with the International Environmental Mission, a grass roots citizens movement created by Chilean Senator Juan Pablo Letelier.

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~ by FSVSF Admin on 17 August, 2012.

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