Facts about the Yasuni National Park

YASUNI NATIONAL PARK

The Yasuní national park (YNP) is the biggest protected area in the continental Ecuador and one of the places of bigger genetic diversity of the planet, because the number and variety of species that possesses is superior that in any other terrestrial ecosystem. It is necessary to highlight that for their great size and abundant biodiversity, was declared Reservation of the Biosphere by the UNESCO in 1989.

The YNP is located in the provinces of Orellana and Pastaza, has horseshoe form and understands from the south area of the river Napo and north of the river Curaray, extending for the half basin of the river Tivacuno. The main residents of the park are the Waorani, the same ones that are threatened by the oil exploitation, the deforestation and the creation of roads of terrestrial access.

Flora of the Yasuní National Park.-

The natural vegetation of the park occupies 95% of its surface; inside the YNP has been registered 2500 species of plants, inside those that highlight species like the balm, mahogany, cedar, anturios, palms, orchids, ferns, etc. Also exist 51 endemic species confirmed, of a total of 103 possible.

Endemic Flora of the Yasuni National Park
Scientific Name
Family
Threat category
Pentlaplaris huaoranica Tiliaceae NT
Rollinia ecuadorensis Annonaceae N NT
Critonia eggersi Asteraceae VU
Begonia oellgaardii Begoniaceae VU
Besleria cuadrangulata Gesneriaceae NT
Calathea plurispicata Maranthaeceae VU
Inga Sarayacuensis Mimosaceae NT
Palicourea anianguana Rubiaceae VU
Solanum Hypermegethes Solanaceae VU
VU: vulnerable AT: almost threatened
Source: ECOLAP y MAE. 2007. Guía del Patrimonio de Áreas Naturales Protegidas del Ecuador. ECOFUND, FAN, DarwinNet, IGM. Quito, Ecuador

Fauna of the Yasuní National Park.-

Inside the fauna they have registered 200 mammals, 610 birds, 111 amphibians, 107 reptiles and 268 fish. All they next to other groups exercise an important list inside the ecosystem like polinizadores, frugívoros, dispersadores of seeds, carnivorous, herbivores, omnivorous and the disappearance of anyone of them, would generate an imbalance in the whole chain.

Mammals of the Yasuni National Park
Scientific Name
Family
Threat category
Ecuador
Global
Pantera
Panthera onca
VU
NT
Murcielago frutero
Artibeus fraterculus
VU
VU
Mono araña
Ateles belzebuth
VU
VU
Nutria gigante
Pteronura brasiliensis
CR
EN
Delfín amazónico
Inia geoffrensis
EN
VU
Armadillo gigante
Priodontes maximus
EN
VU
Ratón
Scolomys melanops
VU
EN
Manatí
Trichechus inunguis
CR
VU
Chorongo
Lagothrix lagotrichia
CR
LC
CR: in criticize danger; EN: in danger; VU: vulnerable; NT: almost threatened; LC: smaller concern
Source: ECOLAP y MAE. 2007. Guía del Patrimonio de Áreas Naturales Protegidas del Ecuador. ECOFUND, FAN, DarwinNet, IGM. Quito, Ecuador
Birds of the Yasuní National Park
Scientific Name
Family
Threat category
Ecuador
Global
Pato Real
Cairina moschata
VU
LC
Águila Arpía
Harpia harpyja
EN
NT
Elanio Plomizo
Ictinia plumbea
VU
LC
Águila crestada
Morphnus guianensis
VU
NT
Elanio Caracolero
Rostrhamus sociabilis
VU
LC
CR: in criticize danger; EN: in danger; VU: vulnerable; NT: almost threatened; LC: smaller concern
Source: ECOLAP y MAE. 2007. Guía del Patrimonio de Áreas Naturales Protegidas del Ecuador. ECOFUND, FAN, D
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~ by FSVSF Admin on 10 November, 2011.

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